Dimapur enjoys a special status because of its unique
location. It is the only town of the state, situated on the plain area
having excellent road, rail, and air links with various part of the
country. Dimapur was upgraded as a district on January 24th 2004.
Dimapur lies between 25º54'30' 'North
Latitude and 93º44'15'' East Longitude.
It is located on the Western part of Nagaland bordering Assam’s
Karbi-Anglong district. It occupies an area of 18.13 sq. km. i.e.3.45
km. from North to South and 6.30 kms. from East to West.7 The area of
the town was only 0.41 sq. km. in 1961, which increased to 15.90 sq. km.
in 1971, and 18.13 sq. km. in 1981. It is expected to have increased
much further by now according to its ever-expanding nature. This
indicates the necessity of planning for a city. It is bounded by
Lengirijan rivulet and Karbi-Anglong Hills on the North, and by
Highlands on the South. On the East, the boundary throughout is formed
by the river Dhansiri and on the West; the town area merges with the
hills and the Reserved Forest.
Dimapur has practically two seasons; Dry Season (Oct.-May) and Wet
Season (June-Sept). Dry season may be sub-divided into Hot and Cold
weathers. Hot weather begins from March whereas Cold weather begins from
November. May remains the hottest month where the mercury shots up to 40º
C. South West Monsoon becomes active by the 2nd week of June
normally, while heaviest rainfall occurs during the months of July and
August. There is no Meteorological office at Dimapur to report the
latest samples of climatic changes, however, we have a record of one
year sample, collected by Agriculture Department, Government of Nagaland,
Kohima, for the year 1976 that shows the following;
Rainfall : 128.8cms
No rain days : 91 days
Maximum Temperature : 30.05ºC
Minimum Temperature : 12.10ºC
Relative Humidity : 73%