also contains a number of villages that tourists can visit. All these villages are ‘communitised’ and managed by the village communities under the state’s Village Tourism Board. Although originally an Angami Naga homeland, Kohima is now home for all the Nagas because of its administrative status.
Kohima city has also gone through dark days during the Second World War when the allied forces fought a very bloody but victorious battle against the Japanese. A war cemetery has been built in the heart of the city where the battle took place, in order to honour the memories of the British and Indian soldiers.
Dzükou Valley is the lesser known (but no less beautiful and bio-diverse) valley of flowers in India after Nandan Kanan in Uttarakhand. An altitude of 2438.4 m, rivulets shaped like the curves of Venus, flowers, herbs and shrubs are the elements that constitute the vibrant diversity of this valley. It offers some of the best trekking circuits in the country, while housing ‘communitised’ villages.
Khonoma Green Village
Located 20 km west of Kohima, in the Dzükou valley, Khonoma was a vanguard village of the Angami Naga tribe known for its fierce resistance against British dominance during colonial period.Khonoma village houses nature’s pristine beauty in the form of its alder trees, terraces carved out of its hilly slopes and the Khonoma Nature Conservation Tragopan Sanctuary (KNCTS). KNCTS conserves a large variety of rare species of plants and animals within its 25 sq km area. This is almost a virgin territory for birdwatchers, animal watchers and botanists who have the entire area to explore and discover.
Tuophema Tourist Village
Located 41 km from Kohima, the tourist village developed here has been modeled around the ethnic tourism model and visitors are offered modern and hygienic accommodation in the traditional huts in an ethnic setting. Served everything from rice beer to local food, tourists can experience the local culture in these pretty settings.
Mithun (Bos Frontalis) or Bison has been the witness of the Naga culture and civilization over the centuries. From embellishing headdresses to house walls, from being domesticated to being hunted, this magnificent animal have found their way to being dubbed as the animal of Nagaland. The hilly terrain of Dzüleke, located 40 km west of Kohima at a height of 2133.6 m, is dotted with the mithun peacefully grazing on the wayside and the fields. The stream that cuts through this terrain provides habitat to a rare species of Rainbow Trout.
The jewel of this 3048 m high peak is the tallest (over 109 ft) Rhododendron tree in the world (as recorded by the Guinness Book of Records), besides it being the second highest peak of Nagaland. Conveniently located at only 15 km south of Kohima, Japfü offers a tough yet scenic climb for the more adventurous.
This town, which is the ancient migration route of many Naga tribes heading northwards looking for new settlements and cultivation grounds, is the home of the Rengmas. Old sites of abandoned villages with the remains of graveyards, gravestones, broken pottery etc still tell the ancient tales of the people that inhabited this town over the centuries. These offer perfect sites for archaeological tourism and preservation, but time is short for such activities because every cycle of Jhum cultivation exterminates a slice of this ancient heritage.